Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Some assignments have a format that is standard such as lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For any other assignments, you will have to come up with your structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. For instance, it might list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • The matter that is subject, which might suggest a structure predicated on chronology, process or location, as an example
  • your interpretation of the matter that is subject. For example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics so as worth addressing
  • the structure of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Have a look at how the info is organised and sequenced. Ensure you modify the structure to suit your purpose in order to avoid plagiarism.

Essays are a rather form that is common of writing. All essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion like most of the texts you write at university. However, the main body can be structured in a variety of ways.

To create a essay that is good

Reports generally have the same structure that is basic essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the main body structure can vary widely, while the term ‘report’ is used for several kinds of texts and purposes in various disciplines.

Find out as much as possible in what sort of report is expected.

Just how to plan your structure

There are lots of methods to come up with a structure for your work. If you’re not sure how to overcome it, try a few of the strategies below.

During and after reading your sources, take notes and begin thinking about how to structure the basic ideas and facts into groups. For instance:

  • Look for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other ways of grouping and dividing the basic ideas under headings, such as for instance advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or forms of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • Paste and cut notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a idea that is good brainstorm a few different ways of structuring your assignment once you have a rough idea of the main issues. Do this in outline form before you start writing – it’s much easier to re-structure an overview than a half-finished essay. For instance:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references could be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that don’t squeeze into your overall purpose, and facts or references that aren’t useful for what you need to discuss
  • when you have plenty of information, such as for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to exhibit how each theory or relates that are reading each heading (this could be called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • plan the number of paragraphs you may need, the topic at risk of every one, and dot points for every single piece of information and reference needed
  • try a couple of different structures that are possible you will find the one which is most effective.

Eventually, you’ll have a plan this is certainly detailed enough for you yourself to start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You will know how to locate evidence for all those basic ideas in your notes together with resources of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulty with the entire process of planning the structure of one’s assignment, consider trying a strategy that is different grouping and organising your information.

Making the structure clear

Your writing may be clear and logical to read if it is easy to see the structure and how it fits together. You are able to accomplish this in lot of ways.

  • Use the end regarding the introduction to exhibit the reader what structure you may anticipate.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to mark the sections clearly (if they are acceptable for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph, to show your reader what the idea that is main, and to link back again to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The beginning of each sentence should link returning to the main idea of the paragraph or a sentence that is previous.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the structure of relationships between ideas. Types of conjunctions include: however, similarly, on the other hand, with this reason, because of this and moreover.


All the kinds of texts you write for university must have an introduction. Its purpose is always to clearly tell your reader the topic, purpose and structure for the cheap essay writing service paper.

As a rough guide, an introduction could be between 10 and 20 percent associated with amount of the whole paper and has now three main parts.

  • It starts with the most information that is general such as background and/or definitions.
  • The center could be the core of this introduction, for which you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (depending on what type of paper it really is).
  • It ends with the most information that is specific describing the scope and structure of the paper.

If the main body of the paper follows a predictable template, for instance the method, results and discussion stages of a written report in the sciences, you generally don’t need to include helpful tips to your structure in your introduction.

You ought to write your introduction if it is a persuasive paper) and the whole structure of your paper after you know both your overall point of view. Alternatively, you ought to revise the introduction when you have completed the main body.


Most academic writing is structured into paragraphs. It is useful to think of each paragraph as a mini essay with a three-part structure:

  • topic sentence (also called introductory sentence)
  • body associated with the paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The topic sentence introduces a general summary of the topic while the reason for the paragraph. With respect to the amount of the paragraph, this can be more than one sentence. The topic sentence answers the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The human body associated with the paragraph elaborates right on the subject sentence by providing definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for instance.

The final sentence in a lot of, although not all, paragraphs may be the sentence that is concluding. It will not present new information, but often either summarises or comments on the paragraph content. It can also provide a link, by showing the way the paragraph links to your topic sentence of this paragraph that is next. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates returning to the main topic.

You don’t have to create all of your paragraphs making use of this structure. For example, you will find paragraphs with no topic sentence, or the topic is mentioned close to the end of this paragraph. However, this might be a definite and common structure that makes it simple for the reader to follow.


The conclusion is closely pertaining to the introduction and is often described as its ‘mirror image’. Which means that in the event that introduction starts with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves into the opposite direction.

The final outcome usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the scope that is main structure of this paper
  • confirms this issue that has been given in the introduction. This might take the kind of the aims for the paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a extensive research question/hypothesis as well as its answer/outcome.
  • ends with a more general statement about how this topic pertains to its context. This might make the form of an evaluation regarding the need for this issue, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.

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